Asian Journal of Sports Medicine 2014. 0(0):.

Golf-Related Low Back Pain: A Review of Causative Factors and Prevention Strategies
David Lindsay, Anthony Vandervoort


Golf is a popular sport with both perceived and real health benefits. However, certain injury risks are also prevalent, particularly to the lower back. The frequency of lower back pain (LBP) from golf varies between 18% and 54% of all documented ailments leading many researchers to regard the condition as the most common golf injury. The purpose of this review was to examine the scientific literature to ascertain the risk factors associated with the development of LBP from playing golf. Results of the review indicate that the high frequency of LBP appears multi-factorial although the asymmetrical and forceful nature of the swing along with excessive play and practice appear to be common factors. Other factors include swing flaws leading to excessive side-bend and over-rotation of the spine, abnormal muscle recruitment, poor trunk endurance, restricted lead hip internal rotation and the use of unnecessarily stressful club transportation methods. Methods to help control or eliminate excessive stress on the lower back would include reduce the amount spent playing or practicing, seeking professional assistance to assess and adjust swing mechanics, improve trunk and hip flexibility, increase the strength and endurance of the trunk musculature, consider different footwear options and avoid carrying the golf bag. Adopting some or all of these recommendations should allow players to continue to enjoy the sport of golf well into their senior years.


Golf Injuries; Musculoskeletal Conditions; Swing Biomechanics, Trunk Muscles

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Asian Journal of Sports Medicine, Quarterly
ISSN: 2008-000X (Print), ISSN: 2008-7209 (Electronic), Published by:
Tehran University of Medical Sciences

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